- … @ suivre
To add a software, we must find it. You can find software :
For a list of Recommended software,
visit the dedicated section of the wiki.
The Software Center is the more user-friendly tool to manage your softwares. A complete section is dedicated to the Software Center in the "raiders" section.
Note that some fine configuration are unavailable with this simplified tool : if you need more details and a full access to all Debian packages, use Synaptic.
Synaptic is the complete graphic interface of your Debian package manager . It allows you a full view of the proposed packages, installed or not. It is much more detailed than the Software Center because it shows the entirety of available packages (libraries included).
Synaptic starts from the HandyMenu section “Raiders”, button “List of Applications”, then choose “Synaptic Package Manager” in the category “system.” Your password will be requested.
At first launch, an information window will appear to briefly explains the functioning of Synaptic.
So the main window presents to you all the available packages. At first launch, you need to click “Reload” in the toolbar to reload the package information, be informed of new packages, removing packages or available updates.
Installed packages are marked with a green square, the new packages by a star, the packages to be uninstall are pink or red ( uninstall or purge). packages to install are green.
Interface details :
Note that Synaptic can be used as it and does not need a particular configuration. For basic use, you can switch to next chapter.
Configuration of Synaptic goes through the Settings tab of the menu bar . You can set your preferences, your deposits (the sources of your software), your filters, define an internal option (for experts only) manage the appearance of your toolbar.
Well named section. As in most applications, the famous “Preferences” section …
But keep in mind that Synaptic is not like other software : it manages all the programs installed on your system. When you delete a program, it does not go in the trash.
After these warnings a little creepy, let's go to the available settings. The preferences window has six tabs:
Deposits are servers on which are stored Debian packages. HandyLinux uses several Debian repositories and the Videolan repository giving access to a newer version of VLC as well as library for reading DVDs.
Deposits are in the form of internet addresses, complemented details on the distribution (HandyLinux is based on Debian Wheezy/Stable) and the categories (HandyLinux uses “main”,“contrib” and “non-free”)
You can enable or desable one or more repositories, but also add some.
If you normally use a software not present in the official Debian repositories, you can add other repositories to access. You can also add backports repositories to access the most recent Debian package.
In the deposit window, click on “new”, a blank line appears in the main list. You must now complete the fields of the new repository like this :
Click on “Submit” to save your addition and then click “Reload” in the main menu bar of Synaptic to update the list of available packages.
This section allows you to change the filters present in the section “Customized filters” at the bottom left of the window of Synaptic . Entries are explicit. I do not advise you to change the present filters, but you can add to narrow your search.
This section allows you to change the internal behavior of Synaptic and therefore, how to manage packages on HandyLinux .
If you choose this distribution, but you want “work in the config package”, so come on the forum to learn how …: D
Show, hide, icons, text or both the choice is yours ..
Synaptic enables you to install, uninstall software, but also to update your system.
Note that you'll be notified of available updates from the notification area with the update-notifier
More detailed Synaptic interface relative to the repository implies that you know the name of the software to install or remove … otherwise search in 35000 packages listed may be long …
To install a software :
To remove a software : same as above, but choose “Mark for (Complete) Removal” :
Synaptic is able to update all the software installed on your system. The procedure is quite simple :
The Debian Software Center and the Synaptic Package Manager are only some graphical interfaces of the apt and aptitude commands that manage packages in Debian. These commands are available directly from a terminal (HandyMenu > Raiders > Open a terminal)
Here are the basic commands for managing debian packages on HandyLinux:
|sudo apt-get update||refresh the list of available packages and the regarding information|
|sudo apt-get install package||install the “package”. eg: sudo apt-get install gimp|
|sudo apt-get remove package||uninstall the “package”.|
|sudo apt-get remove --purge package||uninstalls the “package” and its configuration files.|
|sudo apt-get clean||cleans packages cache on the system|
|sudo apt-get autoremove||eliminates unnecessary packages|
|sudo apt-get upgrade||update packages|
|sudo apt-get dist-upgrade||Update distribution|
|sudo apt-get dist-upgrade -s||simulates the upgrade, which will test without breaking your system if an update involves uninstalling any other packages already in your system.|
|sudo apt-get check||allows to update the package cache and looking for broken dependencies.|
|sudo apt-cache search package||allows searching a package.|
|sudo apt-cache policy package||show the availability of a package, his version and in which deposits it is|