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Free Software

Richard Matthew Stallman, le père du logiciel libre :
Richard Matthew Stallman, father of the free software

What is the Free Software ?

A short definition for clarification…
sources : GNU.org

le logo GNUFree software” means software that respects users' freedom and community. Roughly, it means that the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. Thus, “free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech”, not as in “free beer”.

We campaign for these freedoms because everyone deserves them. With these freedoms, the users (both individually and collectively) control the program and what it does for them. When users don't control the program, we call it a “nonfree” or “proprietary” program. The nonfree program controls the users, and the developer controls the program; this makes the program an instrument of unjust power.
A program is free software if the program's users have the four essential freedoms:

  • he freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
  • The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
  • The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.

A program is free software if it gives users adequately all of these freedoms. Otherwise, it is nonfree. While we can distinguish various nonfree distribution schemes in terms of how far they fall short of being free, we consider them all equally unethical.

Where does free software come from ?

⇒ from everywhere !! :D

Why prefer free software ?

⇒ To be unchained…

Why HandyLinux is not 100% free ?

⇒ We totally understand that Windows users are accustomed to habits that are sometimes difficult to ensure without proprietary software features, and we are not here to judge anybody… but we try to get rid of these non-free software and unchain your machine…

How to unchained HandyLinux ?

vrms : Virtual Richard Matthew Stallman on your computer.
If you install vrms, you'll find some non-free softwares. if you don't need/want them, simply follow those simple steps :

  1. if you didn't installed vrms yet
    sudo apt-get install vrms
  2. launch-it to see…
     $ vrms
                 Non-free packages installed on handylinux
    
    amd64-microcode                     Processor microcode firmware for AMD CPUs
    atmel-firmware                      Firmware for Atmel at76c50x wireless networking chips.
    bluez-firmware                      Firmware for Bluetooth devices
    firmware-atheros                    Binary firmware for Atheros wireless cards
    firmware-bnx2                       Binary firmware for Broadcom NetXtremeII
    firmware-bnx2x                      Binary firmware for Broadcom NetXtreme II 10Gb
    firmware-brcm80211                  Binary firmware for Broadcom 802.11 wireless cards
    firmware-intelwimax                 Binary firmware for Intel WiMAX Connection
    firmware-ipw2x00                    Binary firmware for Intel Pro Wireless 2100, 2200 and
    firmware-ivtv                       Binary firmware for iTVC15-family MPEG codecs (ivtv an
    firmware-iwlwifi                    Binary firmware for Intel PRO/Wireless 3945 and 802.11
    firmware-libertas                   Binary firmware for Marvell Libertas 8xxx wireless car
    firmware-linux                      Binary firmware for various drivers in the Linux kerne
    firmware-linux-nonfree              Binary firmware for various drivers in the Linux kerne
    firmware-myricom                    Binary firmware for Myri-10G Ethernet adapters
    firmware-netxen                     Binary firmware for QLogic Intelligent Ethernet (3000
    firmware-qlogic                     Binary firmware for QLogic IBA7220, QLA1xxx, ISP2xxx a
    firmware-ralink                     Binary firmware for Ralink wireless cards
    firmware-realtek                    Binary firmware for Realtek wired and wireless network
    intel-microcode                     Processor microcode firmware for Intel CPUs
    iscan                               simple, easy to use scanner utility for EPSON scanners
    iscan-data                          Image Scan! for Linux data files
    skype                               Wherever you are, wherever they are
    teamviewer                          TeamViewer (Remote Control Application)
    unrar                               Unarchiver for .rar files (non-free version)
    zd1211-firmware                     Firmware images for the zd1211rw wireless driver
    
                 Contrib packages installed on handylinux
    
    alsa-firmware-loaders               ALSA software loaders for specific hardware
    b43-fwcutter                        Utility for extracting Broadcom 43xx firmware
    firmware-b43-installer              Installer package for firmware for the b43 driver
    firmware-b43legacy-installer        Installer package for firmware for the b43legacy drive
    flashplugin-nonfree                 Adobe Flash Player - browser plugin
    iucode-tool                         Intel processor microcode tool
    prism2-usb-firmware-installer       firmware files for the prism2_usb kernel driver
    
      26 non-free packages, 2.3% of 1136 installed packages.
      7 contrib packages, 0.6% of 1136 installed packages.
  3. unistall non-free softwares :
    this process will unistall flashplayer, skype, teamviewer and all non-free firmwares : some applications may not work as usual after this process
    sudo apt-get autoremove --purge amd64-microcode atmel-firmware bluez-firmware firmware-atheros firmware-bnx2 firmware-bnx2x firmware-brcm80211 firmware-intelwimax firmware-ipw2x00 firmware-ivtv firmware-iwlwifi firmware-libertas firmware-linux firmware-linux-nonfree firmware-myricom firmware-netxen firmware-qlogic firmware-ralink firmware-realtek intel-microcode iscan iscan-data skype teamviewer unrar zd1211-firmware alsa-firmware-loaders b43-fwcutter firmware-b43-installer firmware-b43legacy-installer flashplugin-nonfree iucode-tool prism2-usb-firmware-installer
  4. then proudly launch vrms again… and …

If you are lucky (like me), your computer doesn't need non-free softwares and you won't see any trouble after.. Welcome to GNU !!

Free bonus

bonus are in french but we'll find some good in english soon :D

en format libre … bien sûr ;)

Sans oublier notre Annuaire de la Communauté du Libre

free_software.txt · Last modified: 2017/01/14 03:01 (external edit)